Radiomics and Radiogenomics in Pediatric Neuro-oncology: A Review

Neuro-Oncology Advances

May 27, 2022
Madhogarhia, R., Haldar, D., Bagheri, S., Familiar, A., Anderson, H., Arif, S., Vossough, A., Storm, P., Resnick, A., Davatzikos, C., Fathi Kazerooni, A., & Nabavizadeh, A.


The current era of advanced computing has allowed for the development and implementation of the field of radiomics. In pediatric neuro-oncology, radiomics has been applied in determination of tumor histology, identification of disseminated disease, prognostication, and molecular classification of tumors (ie, radiogenomics). The field also comes with many challenges, such as limitations in study sample sizes, class imbalance, generalizability of the methods, and data harmonization across imaging centers. The aim of this review paper is twofold: first, to summarize existing literature in radiomics of pediatric neuro-oncology; second, to distill the themes and challenges of the field and discuss future directions in both a clinical and technical context.